welcome to nhk world "newsline." i'm gene otani in tokyo. here's a look at some of the stories we're following this hour. a united fight. a japanese government battle says various agencies in the country need to work together to tackle global warming. nelson mandela died exactly one year ago. the south african statesman may be gone, but a new generation is working hard to make sure his ideals live on. and a japanese man is taking
some sweet measures to help disadvantaged children around the world. members of a jap sneeze government panel are strongly urging ministries and agencies to work together on environmental issues. they say not enough is being done to coordinate overlapping energy saving policies, and they say more measures need to be taken to fight global warming effectively. the panel formed by the environment and industry ministries is meeting to discuss japan's new target for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. some members said on friday that relevant government officials must synchronize their programs and check their cost effectiveness. others are calling for an asia-wide policy to curb energy use. the debate came while representatives from around the world are discussing a new global framework to counter climate change. they've gathered in peru for a u.n. conference known as cop 20. it's designed to involve all
countries in the fight against the issue from 2020. it will replace the kyoto protocol that expired in 2012. representatives are expected to present their new targets by as soon as the end of march next year. but japanese delegates remain divided on what their target should be. environmental officials estimate that deforestation could be responsible for as much as 20% of global greenhouse gas emissions. they say forests in developing countries are being clear cut for timber and to make way for farmland. now japanese officials are taking steps they hope will preserve forests around the world. officials at the japan international cooperation agency believe improved farming techniques will help save the world's forests. a representative says a newly inaugurated council in japan is studying how to offer guidance on agricultural technologies to developing nations while
protecting forests. it is also coming up with a business model for forest conservation. >> translator: the japanese government and private sector are working hard to develop technologies against global warming and to preserve forests. we want to make this clear to people around the world. >> the delegates at the climate talks have still not agreed on a framework to protect forests if developing countries. several thousand people took to the streets in new york. they were protesting a decision by the city's grand jury not to indict a white police officer over the chokehold death of a black man. demonstrators gathered across the city from wednesday night through early thursday. police say they arrested 83 people, but there were no clashes between demonstrators and police. >> don't touch me. >> police officers confronted eric garner for selling cigarettes illegally in july. one of the officers grabbed him
in a chokehold and pulled him to the ground. garner was pronounced dead an hour later. new york mayor bill de blasio vowed to retrain the city's thousands of police officers. >> a lot of people, as i said yesterday, felt a lot of pain, a lot of frustration. my message to people is take that pain and frustration and work for change. the relationship between police and community has to change. the way we go about policing has to change. >> president barack obama also said he would work harder to establish trust between judicial authorities and black communities. >> when it comes, as we've seen unfortunately in recent days, to our criminal justice system, too many americans feel deep unfairness. >> cause for protests continue on the internet thursday night. more than 60 protests against police brutality have been held in over 25 states in the u.s.
and more are expected. last week a grand jury in the state of missouri cleared a white police officer over the fatal shooting of a black teenager. the decision sparked protests across the country. the country's attorney general announced the results of a federal investigation into police activities in cleveland, ohio. the investigation revealed the same kinds of problems that are angering the public. >> we have determined that there is reasonable cause to believe that the cleveland division of public police engages in a pattern and practice of using excessive force. >> holder said he would work to overhaul police practices nationwide. the u.s. justice department looked into nearly 600 incidents between 2010 and 2013 in which police in cleveland used force against civilians. in one such incident, police officers fired 137 rounds into a car, killing two unarmed black occupants.
the shooting came after a high-speed chase involving 62 police vehicles. in another case, officers handcuffed and beat a 13-year-old boy who was caught shoplifting. last month a 12-year-old black boy carrying an air gun was shot by police. the boy was taken to the hospital, but he died the following day. biz news is focused on the dropping yen. ron madison is here with more on this story. >> yeah, you know, yesterday we were kind of expecting that we'd see the dollar breach that 120 mark. it did overnight. that's really coming as investors are upbeat about the outlook for the u.s. economy. they're buying the dollar and selling the yen. the dollar rose above 120 yen in tokyo, hitting a new seven-year high. right now we've got it at 120.36. analysts say investors are selling the yen due to a growing divergence between monetary policies in the u.s. and japan. market players are keeping a pretty close eye on the release of u.s. jobs data later today. the figure includes nonfarm
payrolls and unemployment figures in november. quick look at the malaysian ringgit. we're seeing that currency hit a five-year low against the dollar after sluggish trade figures for october. major benchmarks in europe are seeing gains today. frankfurt and paris are moving ahead more than a percent. london is gaining 0.6%. analysts say better than forecast data on german factory orders and expectations for u.s. jobs data are reviving investor sentiment. taking a look at the asia-pacific region. the nikkei's gains extend into a sixth session. it hit a fresh high since july 2007. shanghai gained 1.3%, also hitting a three year and seven-month high. sydney declined. it was down 0.6%, weighed on by losses in mining and energy firms. japanese government officials say an important economic indicator went up in october for the second straight
month, but they have kept thinker assessment of the economy unchanged. cabinet office officials say the coincident index stood at 110.2. that's a gain of 0.4 point from the the previous month. they calculated index by looking at a range of data such as factory output, employment, and personal spending. the index rose thanks to an increase in overseas shipments of large machinery such as semi conductor manufacturing yimt. brisk exports of electronic parts also contributed. the rise in the index was small. so the officials maintained their assessment of the index saying it signals a possible turning point toward a downturn. meanwhile, the leading index fell 1.6 points. the index forecasts the economy a few months down the road. the officials cite negative factors behind the falls such as food prices. honda motors says it will recall another 3 million vehicles with potentially defective air bags in the u.s. the company is investigating air
bags made by japanese autoparts maker takata. they've demanded the recalls be expanded nationwide. honda officials agreed to that demand on wednesday and are considering when and how to conduct the recall. u.s. safety regulators say the air bags can spray metal fragments that could injure passengers when they deploy. mazda executives also say they have expanded the company's recall area to 12 states and regions, mainly in the u.s. south. they say the recall will affect about 100,000 vehicles. leading textile maker toray industries has built a new factory in western japan to build auto parts. the plant will double the company's domestic production capacity of the parts. toray executives spent about $17 million to construct the new factory. light carbon fibers are increasingly popular in the industry.
toray has invested in a u.s. manufacturer as part of an effort to boost the business abroad. the carbon fiber market for autos is expected to rapidly expand from around 2016. >> translator: we hope our company can form a strong team combining our carbon fiber and processing technologies. >> carbon fiber manufacturers are trying to raise profitability by making the auto parts a process that requires state of the art technology. well, about 30 countries and regions have adopted an agreement to have their catch of young pacific bluefin tuna to protect dwindling stocks. the decision was made at a meeting of the western and central pacific fisheries commission in samoa. government delegates from japan say the agreement cuts the catch by 50% from the average amount that's taken between 2002 and 2004. the cuts will start next year and apply to bluefin tuna weighing less than 30 kilograms.
every morning investors turn their attention to asia, the tokyo market leads the way, and markets around the world follow. >> from the decisions that could change the course of an economy. >> to the companies at the forefront of change. >> up to the minute market reports. >> and analysis by specialists from around the world. >> get all the latest business news and insight every day here on "newsline." most of the u.s.-led multinational forces in afghanistan are scheduled to withdraw by the end of the year, but representatives from more than 60 countries, including japan v pledged to continue providing support after they leave. the agreement was reached at a ministerial level conference in london on thursday. afghan president revealed a new government plan to tackle corruption, develop the economy, and restore security.
>> we have overcome the past. we face the future with full unity and with confidence. >> meeting participants said in a 2012 gathering in tokyo they'd provide afghanistan with $16 billion in aid through 2015 and additional support through 2016. international forces have been deployed in afghanistan for 13 years. a team of some 10,000 personnel will remain in the country mainly to train afghan security forces. afghanistan continues to be hit with terrorist attacks, and the security situation remains uncertain. when nelson mandela died last year on december 5th, south africa lost one of the greatest ever statesmen. mandela became president in 1994 after 27 years in prison. he dreamed of establishing racial and economic equality, a true rainbow nation. however, under subsequent presidents, the gap between rich and poor only widened. mandela may be gone, but a new
generation is working hard to achieve his ideals. nhk world has more. >> reporter: the home of south africa's first black president has become a shrine in the year since his death. people come here to pay homage. these rocks have been brought here by people mourning their great leader. every one of them, like this one, bears a message for mandela. >> the memories we have around here can always remind us he did so much for this country. >> we'll miss mandela. and we love mandela. >> reporter: this 20-year-old gives tours to both local people and foreigners around the parts of downtown johannes berg.
he said he wants them to see for themselves how people live. his ultimate goal is to call attention to the problems residents face. >> a place where people come and have fun, just recreation. that's not what happened here. you've got so many bad things happening. >> reporter: frank belongs to a nongovernmental organization that provides children with safe places to play. he came to south africa from congo ten years ago with his parents. he first learned about mandela in high school. >> now it's us to carry on the legacy, you know. which is not going to be easy, but if we all come together as one, as the rainbow nation, then we'll definitely take on the legacy, yeah. >> reporter: since the end of apartheid, many blacks have moved up into the ranks of the
middle class, but the economic gap between blacks and whites is still wide. for millions of south africans, every day is a struggle. this is the largest township in the country. this woman could not afford to go to university when she was younger, so she saved up her money and is now putting herself through college. she said she was always encouraged by comments made by mandela in 1990. >> it is only discipline and action that assures us of the future we seek. go back to your schools. >> reporter: juvenile delinquency is a major problem here. a large number of students drop
out of school every year. she volunteers as an extracurricular teacher at a local high school. on this day, she's warning about the danger of drinking. >> i encourage you to become role models in your communities. so go out with your friends. if you go to a party, don't drink. show them you can actually have fun without drinking alcohol. >> from what i've learned today, i think i'm going to be a better citizen, to be a good role model tomorrow, and to teach young people that are coming after me. >> as long as you have the right kind of information, you have the right kind of attitude, you take your future in your hands, you can make it happen. so the environment must not discourage them. >> reporter: nelson mandela placed a lot of importance on education. now members of the so-called born free generation are using it to better their lives.
and help those who are still struggling to overcome poverty. nhk world, johannesburg. ♪ people around the world are celebrating international volunteer day. and a japanese man is marking the occasion by turning chocolate into hope. he's using it to help underprivileged children find a path to sweet success. nhk world's mikiko suzuki has the story. >> reporter: colorful chocolates roll off a production line. this confection their factory in central japan produces sweet snacks. here you can find treats that support disadvantaged children
around the world. this 51-year-old man started a charity organization this past june. he uses some of these chocolate deg c delicacies to give back to those less fortunate. >> translator: being kind to people and receiving kindness from others makes both people feel good. i want that kindness to be passed on. >> reporter: he used to manage the factory but now completely devotes himself to supporting children. he now takes the sweets to local hotels and shops to ask for their cooperation by selling his chocolates and pies. >> translator: i fully support his mission of lifting up children through sweets. >> reporter: he realized the importance of volunteerism when he became involved in the activities of world vision
japan, an npo providing financial support to children overseas. with his child sponsorship program, the organization invites people to become sponsors of underprivileged children. funds go to projects that benefit the entire community such as digging wells and building schools. the program aims to help establish a safe, peaceful environment for the children. he often receives letters from sponsored children. he personally sponsors five children in rwanda, mongolia, and other countriecountries. he also visited a school in ethiopia that was built from donations. >> translator: this girl wearing a pink shirt, i asked her what her dream was. she shyly told me she wanted to become a nurse. i realized that by building schools, i'm giving her an opportunity to have a dream.
that's what keeps me going. >> reporter: more and more people in the community are joining his efforts. neighbors stop by to purchase treats and support his cause. >> translator: i feel very warmhearted if my purchase can give a little help to the children. >> reporter: i'm at a high school near the factory. students here are lending their support to the project. recently a student who found the activity inspiring took the sweets to a school festival. with the help of fellow students, they sold more than 200 boxes. >> translator: i'm honored. students can only do little things, but those who bought the products leave with a big smile on their faces. i think that's wonderful. >> reporter: he is donating a part of the organization's
profits and money from supporters to build schools in asia and africa. the first school constructed with their contributions is to be completed in myanmar by the end of january. he intends to help build more schools and promote the activity in japan. >> translator: we just got started, but i want to spread this idea further. we are building the first school with the hope that it will lead to others. we will continue to do our best. >> reporter: wakao believes little acts of kindness in a small community can actually make a big difference in other parts of the world. mikiko suzuki, nhk world. people in the philippines are starting to feel the impact of a powerful typhoon. our meteorologist sayaka mori joins us with an update on the storm. sayaka? >> yes, gene.
these areas already receiving rough seas and strong winds. now the center will likely hit the east coast within the next several days. actually, the timing will be around saturday night. as a very strong typhoon, that's going to move across the area and move towards the northwest. because of the counterclockwise circulation, the east coast of the country will be affected the most. we're talking about dangerous storm surges along with very high waves. probably about ten meters expected for many places. that will be combined with very fierce winds. and also very significant heavy rain is likely because this system will continue to move at a slow pace, probably about 10 kilometers an hour. so up to 350 millimeters of rain or more is likely to pound this area. that could cause flooding as well as mudslides. significant damage could happen over the mid part of the
philippines over the weekend, probably into the early part of monday. now, across japan, winter storm conditions are still continuing over the northern areas as well as parts of western japan. this is called sea-effect snow. strong cold air coming in from the continent while picking up moisture, snow clouds form over the northwestern side of the country from hokkaido towards the tohoku region. because we have the strong winds coming into the western areas today, so not just the northwest but also western areas of japan. into next 24 hours, an additional 10 centimeters are likely to fall for the western areas. up to 80 centimeters of snow for the hokuriku region accompanied by strong gusts. temperatures will stay on the cold side as we go into saturday in tokyo as well as sapporo. as we go into monday, conditions will slightly improve at 14 degrees for the high in tokyo on your monday. similar conditions for seoul as
well as shanghai. temperatures will slowly rise. now, across the americas, we saw some significant rainfall across california on tuesday, but the system is now affecting the mid part of the united states with thunderstorms. this one will continue to creep towards the east as we go into your friday. that will provide heavy rainfall as well as the risk of hail and also snowfall for the mountainous locations. freezing rain is expected for the northeastern corner of the united states. mostly calm over the west on your friday, but another system will be moving into the west. rain is likely to fall from california up towards british columbia. heavy mountain snow once again. temperatures are going to be in the single digits in vancouver with rainy weather on your friday. minus 10 degrees in winnipeg. single digits for you and rainy weather in new york city as well as washington, d.c. on the last day of the business week. finally over europe, we have been talking about severe weather over the mediterranean countries. we still have this lingering
system that will provide additional heavy rainfall, thunderstorms and a risk of hail and also mountain snow for the north of the balkan peninsula as well as the alpine region. the system will be moving into scotland. probably up to 20 centimeters of snow is likely to fall. temperatures are going to be in the single digits in many places. 1 degree in warsaw. zero degrees in moscow. here's your extended forecast.